Friday, October 19, 2007

Sculptors of the 19th. century in Berlin Academy Influenced from the Hellenistic Greek Sculpture

Jocob Ungerer, -sculptor, (1840-1920), detail, Mende Brunnen Denkmal, Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
Munich Academy, Professor of Sculpture
Mende well finances Thieriot from the donation means of the buyer widow Marianne Pauline Mende, geb. - after a draft of the Nürnberger architect Adolph Gnauth, gest. 1884 - Completion 1886 by Hugo light - Well inauguration 1886 - Plastics of Professor Ungerer sense-figurative Allegorie on the meaning of the water
Munich Academy Graduates, and Professors : * Jakob Ungerer - Neo-Hellenistic Baroque Neptune Sculpture “Mende Fountaine” 1886 - Augustusplatz, Leipzig ; *Architect - Karl Stockhardt – this ia a very strong design with some beautiful elements throughout the large number of figures and decorative details. Jocob Ungerer (1840-1920) studied, and professor of sculpture at the Munich Academy of Fine Art. One of the top Neo Baroque / - Neo Hellenistic 19th. century school of sculpture.; /// Ferdinand von Miller,-sculptor, Bayerisches Armeedenkmal an der Feldherren, Munchen,Bavaria,Germany;
Some 19th. century Berlin Academy graduates:
* Reinhold Begas - (1831 - Berlin - 1911 Berlin) Son of painter Karl B., brother of Carl – 1843 Berlin academies under Schadow – in 1848 in the studio Rauch. 1. independent work> Hagar and Ismael <(1852). In 1855 Rome scholarship – till 1858 there in the circle Lenbach-Böcklin-Feuerbach. In 1861 with Böcklin and brook Len call in großherzogl. Art school of Weimar – in 1863 Berlin. In 1863-64 Rome 1865 Berlin – in 1869-70 and 1892 Rome. Artistic direction in the victory avenue (1895-1901 – and two Gruppenvon to him. One of the best sculptors of the 19th. Century –-, Specifically for his non modern style, not his realist impressionist outdoor or soft surface indoor impressionist work. Neo-Hellenistic Baroque / Lesser quality Impressionist Realist work / Neo Hellenistic Realism / Neo- Renaissance / Romantic Academic ; /// * Carl (Karlhienz ) Begas - (1845 Berlin - 1916 Köthen) Neo - Hellenistic very impressive neo Hellenistic sculpture of a Faun in the Alte Museum Berlin, Son of painter Karl B. – in the Berlin academy (1862 – 64) studies and in the studio seiners of brother Rheinhold, afterwards in the workshop of Louis Sussmann- Hellborn, him in the monuments> Frederich d. Gr. Frederich Wilhelm III <({ Rathaus} city hall Berlin; town house Wroclaw (Breslau) in 1869) involved. 1. free works are Beethoven bust (1866) and charity group (1868. In 1869 and 1887 busts röm belong to Rome – during these years. Knabenund girls (bust of an Italian, in 1879, Stuttgart, Staatsgal.). Public orders in Berlin for the old (Alte) museum, the Academy of the Arts and the Zueghaus. 1890 successors to K. Hassenpflug in the teaching post the Kasseler Academy of Arts till 1898. Employee of his brother in the Berlin national monument for emperor Wilhelm I. (1892-97, 1950 outworn) and in the (Siegesallee) victory avenue (1899).; /// ** Ernst Herter -Neo - Hellenistic , Excellent work – Better than Begas for his outdoor work, particular note his “Wounded Achiles” (influenced by Cortot‘s (early 19th. Century / late 18th. Century {which is influenced by the Hellenistic sculpture – “Dying Gaul”/and obviously the articulation of the Rhodian school – Laokoon, etc…faceted geometric glyptek shape dominating the turning rythems – of simplier conclusion than more complex Greek Hellenistic}) sculpture of the “Fallen Gladiator” in the Louvre – previously placed in Versaille) at the Greek Revival estate of the wife of KaiserWilhelm II on the island of Corfu, Greece; /// Fritz Heinmann - Romantic Academic Realism / Neo –Hellenistic ; /// ** Heinz Hoffmeister (1851 Saarlouis – in 1894 Berlin) sculptor, Painting-around author;:Schüler from C. and R. Cauer in Kreuznach, A. Wittig in Karlsruhe and the Berlin academy. College under A. Wolff. Since 1973 in Berlin resident. Study traveling to Spain, Nord-Africa, East. Involved in the decoration of the armoury with two bronze statues: Wrangle and from Goeben in the fame hall. Numerous official orders and monuments. Hansmann-monument (1888, Aachen); Mendelssohn's monument (1890, Dessau); figürlicher jewellery in the main entrance of the town castle in Berlin; portrait busts of the imperial family (emperor Frederich III, emperor Wilhelm II, empress Augusta Viktoria). Gravestones (statue L. Of Ravine' on old franz. Churchyard in Berlin – not recd) One of the letzen works was the draft for a monument of the Gr. Electors in Friesack (not ausgef). Company Gladenbeck led several works of the artist in her sales catalog (Whistling faun, faun on panther, Cupid, psyche, Beethoven, resurrection). Groups: Nymph and Bacchus boy – Ganymed on the eagle of the Zeus; Busts: Closer W. Müller (Cologne, Wallraf Richartz museum) – painter P. Flickel – Herzog Ernst II v. Castle Col-Gotha; Heinrich H., Ger. sculptor, painter and author (1851-1894), pupil v. K. and R. Cauer in Kreuznach, later b. Wittig a. d. Academy. Düsseldorf., anschl. b. Wolff a. d. Academy. Berlin, active in Berlin and on Capri, lit. cf Th. B., bronze bust of a faun with kiss mouth, hairband and bird's claw, rs. sign. "Heinz Hoffmeister" ", Gießereistempel AG before. H. Gladenbeck and son, on column from Zöblitzer Serpentin (Saxony), on the foot min best of all, H 27.5 cms. " ; /// ** Theodor Erdmann Kalide - Neo- Hellenistic, - Berlin artist (1801-1863). (b Königshütte, Upper Silesia [now Chorzów, Poland], 8 Feb 1801; d Gleiwitz [now Gliwice, Poland], 23 Aug 1863). German sculptor. At the age of 15 he was apprenticed at the Königliche Eisengiesserei in Gleiwitz, where he soon began sculpting cast-iron plaques. In 1819 Johann Gottfried Schadow summoned him to Berlin, where he was instructed in chasing by Coué and worked in the Berlin Eisengiesserei. In 1821 he transferred to the studio of Christian Daniel Rauch. Following Rauch’s example and under his influence, Kalide produced such large animal sculptures as the Resting Lion and the Sleeping Lion (several casts, e.g. zinc, 1824; Berlin, Schloss Kleinglienicke). From 1826 to 1830 Kalide worked on equestrian statuettes, including those of Frederick William II (zinc), after the model by Emanuel Bardou (1744–1818), and Frederick William III (e.g. cast iron; both Berlin, Schloss Charlottenburg, Schinkel-Pav.). In 1830 he became a member of the Berlin Akademie. His most popular works included the life-size bronze group Boy with a Swan (1836), which was installed on the Pfaueninsel in Berlin as a fountain (several casts, all untraced). Kalide achieved wide recognition and aroused violent controversy with his almost life-size marble figure Bacchante on the Panther (1848; Berlin, Schinkelmus., badly damaged). This work transgressed the accepted boundaries of classical art, above all in the figure’s provocative pose, and was perceived as shocking. In its uninhibited sensuality and its blending of the human and the animal, it offended the conservative Berlin public, and consequently Kalide received few new commissions. He had no success with competition designs and became increasingly embittered. He spent his last years at Gleiwitz, where he died. After a theory in the iron foundry Gleiwitz got the well-known artist Gottfried Schadow the young Kalide into its workshop to Berlin. From there Kalide changed later into the then more popular workshop of Christian Daniel Rauch. Solved from the classically determined influence, its own artistic temper developed Schadows and Rauch more for the expression of powerful movements. Its largest artistic acknowledgment found Kalide 1836 with the well figure “The boy with swan”, which received 1851 on the Londoner world exhibition price medal and which Friedrich William IIITH for the lock park Charlottenburg acquired. (verschollen). Theodor Kalide (1801-1864) shows here a trunkene, naked woman, who räkelt herself on the back of a Panthers and gives by an adventurous setting the Raubtier from their bowl to drink. This group released a scandal after its demonstration on the citizens of Berlin academy exhibition of 1848. Kalide accused it hurts the Decorum (behaviour), by showing humans and animal on a stage. During Kiss into its Amazone still the noble fight between humans and Raubtier makes it represented here in animalisch, driveful omittingness common thing. This group of figures is natureful in their to see dionysischen beginning in greatest possible distance from the apollonischen people ideal of the classicism and can as “splendourful proclamation anti-classical Unmen” Bloch / Grzimek 1978, 137) be quite designated. After the presentation of this work Kalide kept no more orders in Berlin and had in the native Schlesien, withdraws, in order to be able to continue to work than sculptors. The Bacchantin on the Panther is received, there only as Torso in the citizens of Berlin national gallery it in to 2. World war was heavily damaged. ; /// Otto Lang – Romantic Academic Realism ; Michael Lock - Neo - Hellenistic / 19th. & early 18TH. Century Academic ; /// * Carl Cauer – (1828 Kreuznach – 1885 Kreuznach) Pigalle influence and Hellenistic sculpture influence ; /// * Ludwig Brunow - – (1843 Lutheran/Mecklenburg – in 1913 Berlin) rider's monument Grand Duke Frederich Franz II (1893, Schwerin), rider's monument emperor Wilhelm I. (1905, Erfurt) 19th. Century realism, Neo Boroque, – Frederich I., in 1883 Berlin, former. Armoury, Ruhmeshalle.this one is particularly good – it's neo baroque; Brunnow – (1843 Lutheran/Mecklenburg – 1913 Berlin) Reiterdenkmal Großherzog Frederich Franz II. (1893, Schwerin), Reiterdenkmal Kaiser Wilhelm I. (1905, Erfurt) 19th. Century realism, Neo Boroque, – Frederich I. , 1883 Berlin, ehem. Zeughaus, Ruhmeshalle.this one is particularly good – it’s neo baroque ; /// Rudolf Marcuse - Neo - Hellenistic ; /// Julius ( Karl Adalbert) Moser - Neo - Hellenistic / Neo - Classical ; /// Richard Ohmann - Neo – Hellenistic / 19th. Century Realism ; /// Friedrich Johann Pfannschmidt - 19th.Century soft French Academy Style - but executed well ; /// Paul Peterich - 19th.Century Realism ; /// Johannes Pfuhl - Neo - Baroque – very impressive, unusual style for the 19th. century/ ; /// Johannes Rottger (also Düsseldorfer Akad. ) - Neo - Hellenistic / 19th. Century Academic ; /// Fritz (Hugo Wilhelm ) Schaper - Neo - Hellenistic / 19th. Century Academic ; /// Martin Schauss - Neo - Hellenistic / Soft 19th. Century French Style ; /// Walter Schmarje Transitional Style Period , elements of R.Begas ( his instructor ) Influence but also modern tendencies ; /// Moritz Schulz - Neo - Hellenistic / Neo - Classical / 19th. Century Academic ; /// Rudolf Schweinitz - Neo – Hellenistic / Neo - Classical ( study in Copenhagen & Italy of influence ) ; /// Victor Heinrich Seifert ( Vienna, Austria late 19th. 1870 - 1953 ) studied in Berlin with E. Herter, L. Manzel, & P. Breuer - Neo - Hellenistic / Late 19th. Century Academic ; /// Constantin Starck - ( 1866 Riga - 1939 ) 19TH. Century Academic / Hellenistic Realism; Ernst Westphahl - 19TH. Century Academic / Neo - early 18th. Century ; /// Carl Friedrich Wichmann ( 1775-1836 ) - Neo - Classical ; /// Albert Moritz Wolf - Neo - Hellenistic / 19th. Century Academic , Animals ; /// Martin Wolff -Neo - Hellenistic / 19th. & mid 18th. Century Academic ; /// Fritz Zadow – Transitional Soft late 19th. Century; August Kiss Academic 19th. Century / Neo Classical ; /// Hans Weddo von Glümer – (1867 Pyritz / Pommern - ?) Schüler der Kunstgewerbeschule und der Berliner Akad. – Meisterschüler von R. Begas. Debüt auf der Akad. – Ausstlg. 1890. – Nixe – Naturbursche (1892) – very nice bronze – neo Hellenistic influence – female in Grecian robe holding strands of very large and long sunflowers. – Karl Löwe Denkmal (1897, Stettin, Prueßen / Poland) , Kaiser Wilhelm Denkmal (Magdeburg) , Frederich der Große Denkmal (1906, Letschin) , Frederich der Große Denkmal (1906, Prenzlau) , Kaiser Frederich III. Denkmal (1906, Prenzlau und Magdeburg) , Ferdinand v. Schill (Stralsund) , Staatsminister Dr. v. Bötticher Berlin, Reichsamt des Innern) ; /// * Nikolaus Geiger – (1849 Lauingen / Bayern – 1897 Berlin) Neo Hellenistic / one of the most interesting sculptors of the 19th. Century - Kaiser Barbarossa, Kaiser Wilhelm – Thuringen, Germany 1861 Steinmetzlehre in Lauingen – nebenher Gewerbeschule Augsburg – verläßt vorzeitig die Lehre – Akad. München – 1866 – 1872 Kgl. Akad. Bei Joseph Knabl und in Privatateliers tätig. 1873 Wechsel nach nach Berlin – Modelleur für Stuckornamente. 1878 -1879 Rom – 1880 Paris – 1881 Wien – 1881 – 1884 München (Malereistudium). 1893 Mitglied der Akad. Der Künste Berlin – 1896 Kgl. Professor der Berliner Akad. Verheiratet mit der Bildhauerin Henny Geiger-Spiegel. – Secessions – Kriegerdenkmal (ab 1888, Indianapolis, Indiana,U.S.A.) , Grab Amalie Hoffman, um 1889 (gest 1889 – seit 1882 Besitzer Ing. Hoffman, Berlin, Kirchhof St. Matthäus - Gemeinde) , Fries und Gruppe (1886, Berlin, Dresdner Bank) – Giebelfeld (Vollend. 1898 von Henny Geiger-Spiegel; Berlin, St. Hedwigs – Kirche) Nikolaus Geiger – (1849 Lauingen / Bavaria – in 1897 Berlin) Neo Hellenistic / one of the most interesting sculptors of the 19th. Century - emperor Barbarossa, emperor Wilhelm– Thuringen, Germany In 1861 stonecutter apprenticeship in Lauingen – alongside vocational school Augsburg – leaves prematurely the apprenticeship – academy. Munich – In 1866 – in 1872 Kgl. Academy. With Joseph Knabl and in private studios active. 1873 changes after to Berlin – Modelleur for stucco ornaments. In 1878-1879 Rome – in 1880 Paris – in 1881 Vienna – in 1881 – in 1884 Munich (painting study). In 1893 member of the academy. Of the arts Berlin – in 1896 Kgl. Professor of the Berlin academy. Married with the sculptor Henny Geiger-Spiegel. – Secessions – war memorial (from 1888, Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.A.), grave Amalie Hoffman, about 1889 (gest in 1889 – since 1882 owner engineer Hoffman, Berlin, churchyard Saint Mattew - municipality), frieze and group (1886, Berlin, Dresdner Bank) – tympanum (Vollend. In 1898 from Henny Geiger-Spiegel; Berlin, Saint Hedwigs – church); /// Georg August Gaul – (1869 Großauheim / Hanau – 1921 Berlin) Neo – Hellenistic / 19th. Century Academic - Animals,; /// Gustav Eberlein – (1847 Spiekerhausen – 1926 Berlin) technically very good, early work is solid neo Hellenistic / 19th. Century realism but evolved into junk of the pre modern. (* 14. July 1847 in Spiekershausen; † 5 February 1926 in Berlin) was a German sculptor, painter and a writer. It was around 1900 after Reinhold Begas that a usually busy artist of the citizens of Berlin sculptor school 19. Century. From it come among other things the Goethe monument in Rome, the Richard Wagner monument and the Lortzing monument in the citizen of Berlin zoo, the monumental work „God father haucht Adam the Odem “in Hannoversch flowing, the national monument of Argentina and further four person monuments in Buenos Aires, the kolossale „German well “in Santiago de Chile, still received rider monuments in Hamburg Altona, Geislingen and Coburg (rider monument from duke Ernst II., 1899 production) as well as person monuments in king stone, Goettingen and Dransfeld as well as sculptures in Wiesbaden (yard theatre) and Berlin (theatre of the west). The majority of its bronze monuments was melted in the Second World War, among them the emperors Wilhelm I - rider monuments in Mannheim, Elberfeld, Gera, Mönchengladbach, forest home, Neheim and Hann. Flow; the Friedrich III. - Fixed image in Elberfeld; the double monument emperor Wilhelm I. and Bismarck in Ruhr place; the Bismarck monument in Krefeld; the crucifix before the garrison church in Kiel and the Kolossalgruppen in the trade museum Stuttgart. From its two groups for the victory avenue in Berlin two marble statues and three Assistenzfiguren are received. Eberlein in the area of the haven guessing and small plastics was particularly successful. Altogether are well-known over 900 works of the sculpture, painting and Schriftstellerei. The list of works contains over 600 illustrations. Many museums in Germany and abroad possess works of Eberlein, under it the old person national gallery in Berlin (among other things thorn extractors). On art exhibitions in Berlin and Munich Eberlein with works was regularly represented. Politically Eberlein stepped out around 1900 by its commitment against the Lex Heinze and its employment for the peace between France and Prussia. Due to its critical attitude and its disapproved support to works of Augusts Rodin and Constantin Meunier were removed for 16 from 20 works from the large citizens of Berlin art exhibition 1900 „on highest instruction “. From over 300 gypsum originals became in the Städt. Museum Hann. Flow over half on the Schutthalde thrown. From a floor luggage situation of the yearly 1962 about 80 sculptures and 11 painting could be restored between 1983 and 1989. Some of it are located today in important museums (among other things German historical museum, Berlin). The grave Eberleins on the old person pc. - Matthäus Kirchhof is an honour grave of the city Berlin. The Internet sides of the Gustav Eberlein research registered association offer material, among other things an extensive bibliography, over this artist and its surrounding field. Professor Rolf Grimm has the presidency.; /// * Max Klein ( Hungarian ) Excellent work Neo - Hellenistic /Romantic 19th. Century Academic ; /// Julius Jules Franz – (1824 Berlin – 1887 Berlin) neo Classical / neo Hellenistic / 19th. Century realism – Hirte von Einem Panther Angefallen, 1852 Shepard Attacked by a Panther, protected by his dog – 1852, bronze, - Schwerin, also Potsdam, Park Sanssouchi – 1850 – Shäfer und Hun dim Kampf mit einem Panther ; /// Rheinhold Boeltzig – (1863 Berlin - ?) Fruchtsammlerin, 1907 – very nice neo Hellenistic ; Konrad Kiesel (1846 Düsseldorf – 1921 Berlin) Zunächst Architektur an der Berliner Bauakad. Studiert – dann 6 Jahre Bildhauerei im Atelier von F. Schaper – wechselte spatter zur Malerei – Schüler von Fritz Paulsen in Berlin, spatter von Wilhelm Sohn in Düsseldorf. K. ließ sich 1885 in Berlin nieder – 1886 Titel - 1892 Ordentl. Mitglied der Berliner Akad. Der Kunste., - Hebe, den Adler tränkend, um 1870, Berlin, Privatbesitz., - bronze - female in a Grecian robe with eagle

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